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Model Code on Education and Dignity: Presenting a Human Rights Framework for Schools

NCJ Number
Date Published
October 2013
104 pages
This Model Code aims to foster an educational environment that prevents youth from being "pushed out" of school by addressing students' social, emotional, and academic needs so as to reduce suspensions, improve school climate, increase teacher effectiveness, and support better educational outcomes for all students.
The Model Code presents policymakers with recommended language for alternatives to suspension and "zero tolerance" practices. Recommendations are presented in the form of procedures, criteria, and standards to be used by States, districts, schools, educators, students, and parents. The Model Code is designed so that communities and policymakers can identify individual topic areas they wish to address and implement while taking into account the diverse needs and characteristics of individual communities. The centerpiece of the Model Code is in Chapter 3. It provides a comprehensive framework for school climate and discipline policies. It provides guidance for improving school climate and discipline, avoiding criminalization in school discipline, and the right to remain in school. Other chapters focus on freedom from discrimination and data, monitoring, and accountability. Appended summary of committees and teams in the Model Code, the rationale for the right to counsel provisions, and a glossary of terms