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More Female Correctional Officers Mean Fewer Assaults Overall: Another Myth Debunked

NCJ Number
Joseph R. Rowan
Date Published
4 pages
Research conducted in 1992 by Criminal and Juvenile Justice International and a national survey published by the American Correctional Association in 1996 have focused on assaults on correctional officers and the impact of increasing the proportion of female officers.
The 1992 research gathered information from maximum-security prisons in 48 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Female officers were assaulted only 27.6 percent as often as were males. Subsequent research compared the 7 States where an average of 24 percent of the correctional officers were female, versus 12 percent nationally. Results revealed a 47-percent reduction in assaults on female officers and a 41 percent reduction in assaults on male officers compared to that existing nationally in 1992. The study published by the American Correctional Association gathered information gathered information from system surveys conducted at prisons across the country. Results also revealed conflicting opinions about female correctional officers working in male prisons. Findings mirrored results of research done on female police performance. Findings suggested the need to discuss gender issues at top administrative levels, annual data collection on assaults on correctional personnel, and further research. Tables and reference