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Police Legitimacy and Resident Cooperation in Crime Hotspots Effects of Victimization Risk and Collective Efficacy

NCJ Number
Policing & Society Volume: 28 Issue: 3 Dated: 2018 Pages: 251-270
Tammy R. Kochel
Date Published
20 pages
This study focused on police legitimacy and cooperation in high-crime neighborhoods.

Residents' perceptions of victimization risk and reduced collective efficacy were investigated as potential threats that may promote police legitimacy and cooperation. An integrated model that applied systems justification theory, along with the instrumental and process models, provided potential mechanisms for understanding legitimacy and cooperation in crime hot spots. The multi-level regression analysis used 947 surveys conducted in 71 crime hot spots. Results demonstrate the value of diffuse support for police and uphold the procedural justice and instrumental models of legitimacy in high-crime contexts. Results also that risk and collective efficacy affected views. Findings indicate the importance of how perceptions about context may foster a perceived dependence on police and, through this mechanism, promote cooperation. Results point to the value of further research on investigating risk, parochialism, and other aspects of context on police legitimacy and cooperation. (publisher abstract modified)