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Profile Analysis and Risk Assessment: Identifying Distinct Patterns of Risks and Needs

NCJ Number
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice Dated: 2021
Christopher D’Amato; Christina A. Campbell; Jordan Papp; William Miller
Date Published

The goal of this study was to identify distinct and meaningful profiles of the seven criminogenic risk and need domains included on the Ohio Youth Assessment System—Disposition Tool (OYAS-DIS).



This goal was achieved by conducting a latent profile analysis (LPA) on a sample of 4,383 formally processed justice-involved youth assessed by the OYAS-DIS. The LPA determined there were six distinct profiles: (1) Low risk and need; (2) Low/moderate risk and need; (3) Low risk/need with high juvenile justice history; (4) Academic, mental health, and substance use needs; (5) Prosocial skills and decision making; and (6) High risk and need. Results may help juvenile justice practitioners to identify and address specific intervention needs of adjudicated youth. (publisher abstract modified)