This study aims to identify the depression levels of children who were brought to the forensic DNA laboratory for paternity testing. A total of 35 such children were enrolled in the study. Data were gathered using the parent interview form, general information form for children, and the "Child Depression Scale" as it had been tested for validity and reliability in the 6-17 year age group in the country. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Scheffe test. The results showed that the age of children who were brought in for paternity testing created a meaningful difference in their depression scores (p less than 0.01) while gender did not. In addition, c. 63 percent of the children in this study did not know why they were in the laboratory, which also caused a meaningful difference in depression scores (p less than 0.01). Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.