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Trajectories of Violent Behavior Among Females and Males

NCJ Number
Chld Development Volume: 1 Issue: 88 Dated: January 2017 Pages: 41-54
Elizabeth. Cauffman; Adam Fine; April G. Thomas; Kathryn C. Monahan
Date Published
14 pages
This study identified patterns of violent behavior across 7 years among 172 females and 172 matched males ages 15-24, testing whether heterogeneity in violent offending is linked to (a) developmental change in impulse control and (b) attainment of adult milestones.
Both the psychological and criminological fields have long hypothesized the mechanisms that influence desistance from violent offending, but few studies have focused on violent females. The current study found that fewer females persisted in violence (25 percent) than males (46 percent); 19 percent of males increased in violent behavior. Females who developed impulse control and were employed were more likely to desist from violence. Violent offending was unrelated to other adult milestones. The study concludes that developmental increases in impulse control may trigger desistance, and employment may maintain desistance from violence. (Publisher abstract modified)