This paper presents two case studies of the use of crime-mapping technology in the Province of Padova in Italy.
Crime mapping uses computer software to convert designated data and information into a visual display of the geographic locations and characteristics of crime targets and criminal activity, so as to aid in understanding geographic factors related to the frequency, prevalence, and types of crime committed. Such information can be useful in devising strategies of crime prevention and control. In one case study presented, mapping tools were used to assess the frequency of bank robberies at various locations to determine whether robbers might select their bank targets according to bank location and the type and number of bank security measures. The second case study, which is still in the preliminary phase of development, involves creating a center for crime analysis, which will collect, analyze, and share with appropriate agencies information on crime patterns at various geographic locations. The center will use new technologies to collect data from client agencies and from closed circuit television surveillance located in specific locations. The center will then use a team of experts to analyze the data to determine the frequency of crime in time and space, the characteristics of crime locations, the link between locations and crime, and the means of offender escape. These analyses will be depicted in static or dynamic maps that will show crime trends by location and time. 5 figures
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