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Young Adult, Rural, African American Stimulant Users: Antecedents and Vulnerabilities

NCJ Number
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse Volume: 8 Issue: 4 Dated: October-December 2009 Pages: 378-399
Teresa L. Kramer; Xiaotong Han; Brenda M. Booth
Date Published
December 2009
22 pages
This study focuses on 18- to 21-year-old African-American stimulant users in the Arkansas Mississippi Delta.
Early initiation of substance use appears to be an alarming trend among rural minorities. Most participants had no high school diploma and were unemployed; 74.5 percent had already been arrested. Substance use was initiated early, and nearly all of the men and three quarters of the women already met criteria for lifetime abuse or dependence. Only 18 percent reported they had ever received substance abuse treatment. The results suggest that substance use interventions in rural communities will require multi-faceted strategies addressing economic, educational, and healthcare disparities. Tables and references (Published Abstract)