BJS Releases Reports on Adults in U.S. Correctional System
WASHINGTON — The Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics today released two reports that present statistics on adults in the U.S. correctional system. Correctional Populations in the United States, 2019 – Statistical Tables provides data on both incarcerated persons and those on probation or parole, while Probation and Parole in the United States, 2019 focuses on persons under community supervision on probation or parole.
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2019 – Statistical Tables presents statistics on persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems at year-end 2019, including those supervised in the community on probation or parole and persons incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail. It describes the size and change in the total correctional population from 2009 to 2019. Findings are based on various BJS data collections, including the Annual Probation Survey, Annual Parole Survey, Annual Survey of Jails, Census of Jails, National Prisoner Statistics program and Survey of Jails in Indian Country.
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2019 presents national data on adult offenders under community supervision on probation or parole in 2019. It includes characteristics of the population such as sex, race or Hispanic origin, and most serious offense. The report details how offenders move onto and off community supervision, such as completing their term of supervision, being incarcerated, absconding or other unsatisfactory outcomes while in the community. Findings are based on data from BJS’s 2019 Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey.
TITLE: Correctional Populations in the United States, 2019 – Statistical Tables
(NCJ 300655) by BJS Statisticians Todd D. Minton, Lauren G. Beatty
and Zhen Zeng, Ph.D.
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2019 (NCJ 256092)
by BJS Statisticians Barbara Oudekerk, Ph.D., (former) and Danielle Kaeble
AUTHOR: Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics of the U.S. Department of Justice is the principal federal agency responsible for collecting, analyzing and disseminating reliable statistics on crime and criminal justice in the United States. Doris J. James is the acting director.
The Office of Justice Programs provides federal leadership, grants, training, technical assistance and other resources to improve the nation’s capacity to prevent and reduce crime, advance racial equity in the administration of justice, assist victims and enhance the rule of law. More information about OJP and its components can be found at www.ojp.gov.