U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Correctional Populations in the United States, 1996

NCJ Number
Date Published
These corrections statistics for 1996 address trends in U.S. correctional populations from 1990 through 1996, jail inmates, probation, data from a survey of inmates in local jails, prison inmates, parole, capital punishment, and U.S. military corrections.
An estimated 5.5 million adult U.S. residents were under some form of correctional supervision in 1996; 7 in every 10 of these people were on probation or parole. Approximately 2.8 percent of all adults were under correctional supervision in 1996, up from 1.6 percent in 1985. Approximately 9 percent of black adults, 2 percent of white adults, and 1.3 percent of adults of other races were under correctional supervision in 1996. On June 30, 1996, local jails held an estimated 520,400 adults, or about 1 in every 378 adult U.S. residents. Nearly 3.2 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1996. An estimated 1.1 million men and women were in the custody of State and Federal prisons at the end of 1996. An estimated 704,700 adults were on parole at the end of 1996, an increase of 0.6 percent from 1995. During 1996, 299 inmates were received under sentence of death by State and Federal prisons, and 99 had their death sentences removed by means other than execution. On December 31, 1996, The Army, Marine Corps, and Navy held 2,747 prisoners in 28 facilities. Information from the 1996 survey of inmates in local jails covers inmates' current offense and sentence, their criminal histories, personal and family characteristics, drug/alcohol use and treatment, health care, and jail conditions. 29 tables and 5 figures
Date Created: July 5, 2018