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Criminal Victimization, 2019

NCJ Number
Date Published
September 2020
53 pages
Rachel E. Morgan; Jennifer L. Truman
Publication Series
Publication Type
Survey, Statistics, Report (Annual/Periodic)
Based on the findings of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) for 2019, this report presents the number and characteristics of crimes experienced by respondents from July 1, 2018 to November 30, 2019, with crimes classified by the year of the survey and not by the year of the crime, and trends in MCVS data are analyzed for the period from 1993 to 2019.
Regarding victimizations from violent crimes, excluding simple assault, they declined to 1.2 million in 2019, after increasing from 1.1 million in 2015 to 1.4 million in 2018. This corresponds with a decline in rape or sexual assault victimization from 2018 to 2019. Among females, the rate of violent victimization, excluding simple assault, decreased 27 percent from 2018 to 2019. There were 880,000 fewer victims of serious crimes (generally felonies) in 2019 than in 2018, a 19-percent decrease. From 2018 to 2019, 29 percent fewer Black persons and 22 percent fewer White persons were victims of various crimes. Based on the new classifications of urban, suburban, and rural areas by the NCVS, the rate of violent victimization in urban areas declined 20 percent from 2018 to 2019. Forty-one percent of violent victimizations were reported to police. The percentage of violent victimization reported to police was lower for White victims (37 percent) than for Black (49 percent) or Hispanic victims (49 percent). The percentage of violent incidents that involved Black offenders (25 percent) was 2.3 time the percentage that involved Black victims (11 percent). The percentage that involved Asian offenders (1.0 percent) was 0.4 times that portion that involved Asian victims (2.3 percent). The property-crime rate declined 6 percent from 2018 to 2019, with the percentage of households burglarized declining to its lowest level since 1993. 69 tables and 5 figures
Date Created: September 14, 2020