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Impact of Focused Deterrence on Lived Experiences With Gangs and Gun Violence: Extending Effects Beyond Officially Recorded Crime

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume: 33 Issue: 5 Dated: 2022 Pages: 507-535
Date Published
29 pages

In this article, the authors present their evaluation of a geographically based, focused deterrence intervention aimed at examining residences’ lived experiences with gangs and gun violence.


The research study presented here, evaluates a geographically based focused deterrence (FD) intervention, extending knowledge about FD impact beyond crime data to also examine residents’ lived experiences with gangs and gun violence via a two-wave household survey. The authors employed a quasi-experimental design and utilize time-series analyses, coefficient difference tests, and mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression. The results demonstrated a significant reduction in shots fired incidents in the target area relative to comparison areas. Shots fired calls for service trended downward citywide, but the magnitude was doubled in the target area. Survey data showed substantive declines in the target area on all six gang and gun violence outcomes, significantly exceeding changes experienced in comparison areas. The authors conclude that focusing geographically as well as on repeat offenders is an effective FD approach, and evaluating community surveys provides an improved understanding of the community impact. Publisher Abstract Provided

Date Published: January 1, 2022