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Individual and Environmental Sources of Work Stress Among Prison Officers

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Dated: 2015
Date Published
February 2015
21 pages

Work stress has been linked to a number of negative outcomes for employees and organizations. Drawing from the Job Demand-Control (-Support) model, this study examined the influences of work stress among more than 1,800 prison officers working in 45 prisons across Ohio and Kentucky.


Multilevel analyses revealed that individual factors, such as experiencing victimization and greater job demands, were related to more stress among prison officers; whereas, perceived control over inmates and support from coworkers and supervisors were associated with less stress. Facility violence was also linked to higher levels of officer stress across prisons. (Publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: February 1, 2015