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Police Departments in Large Cities, 1990-2000

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 2002
16 pages
Brian A. Reaves Ph.D.; Matthews J. Hickman
Publication Series
This report describes trends from 1990 to 2000 among local police departments serving U.S. cities with 250,000 or more residents.
Comparisons are made in terms of number of sworn and civilian personnel, female and minority representation among sworn personnel, officer salaries, officer training and education requirements, operating budgets, UCR crime rates, computers and information systems, types of equipment used, type and number of vehicles, and types of special units. Among large city police departments, 1990-2000, changes included the number of residents served increased by 10 percent, resulting in a 7 percent increase in the number of full-time sworn personnel per 100,000 residents; the number of UCR violent crimes decreased 34 percent, the number of UCR property crimes decreased 31 percent, and the number of full-time local police officers increased 17 percent; the representation of Hispanics among officers increased from 9 percent to 14 percent in 2000, Blacks from 18 percent to 20 percent, and women from 12 percent to 16 percent; the percent of departments requiring new officers to have at least some college rose from 19 percent to 37 percent, and the percent requiring a 2-year or 4-year degree grew from 6 percent to 14 percent.

Date Created: December 17, 2009