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American Corrections

NCJ Number
T R Clear; G F Cole
Date Published
608 pages
This text explores the context, practices, and special interests of corrections in three sections: historical review of problems in the correctional system that frame contemporary experience; major components of the correctional system; and important issues in corrections.
The first section addresses historical, sociological, psychological, and political perspectives on corrections. The correctional system is viewed as a composite of organizations. Consideration is paid to criminal justice policies, the relation between corrections and other components of the criminal justice system, corrections as a government responsibility, punishment, criminal sanctions, sentencing, the organization of corrections, and offender characteristics and classification. The second section focuses on detention and short-term incarceration in jails and prisons, alternatives to incarceration, probation, institutional programs and management, the prison experience, release from incarceration, community corrections, and community supervision. The final section covers such correctional issues as prisoner rights, corrections for women, and juvenile offenders. References, tables, and figures