This statistical report presents annual data on emergency room drug-abuse related episodes and drug-abuse related medical examiner cases for the year 1986, as obtained from the Drug Abuse Warning Network.
Highlights from this report include: in 1986, 52 percent of the patients in emergency room (ER) drug-abuse related cases reported through the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) were male and 48 percent were female; 49 percent of the patients were White, 33 percent were Black, and 11 percent were Hispanic; 38 percent of the patients were aged 20 to 29 years, while 30 percent were 30-39; 41 percent of the episodes involved multiple drugs; suicide was the primary motive in 36 percent of the episodes; and the most frequently mentioned drug was cocaine, followed by alcohol-in-combination, heroin/morphine, diazepam, PCP/PCP combinations, and marijuana. In 1986, there were 4,138 drug-abuse related medical examiner cases reported to DAWN. Of these deaths, 70 percent of the decedents were male; 59 percent were White, 25 percent were Black, and 12 percent were Hispanic; 28 percent were between the ages of 18 and 29, while 70 percent were age 30 and older; and 72 percent of the episodes involved use of multiple drugs, with overdose being the primary cause of death in a majority of the cases (70 percent). This report presents annual data on ER drug-abuse related episodes and drug-abuse-related medical examiner cases for the year 1986, as reported through DAWN. Data for the report were obtained from hospitals in 27 metropolitan areas, and a sample of hospitals outside the primary metropolitan areas. DAWN is a large-scale, ongoing drug abuse collection system with several objectives: identifying substances associated with drug abuse episodes; monitoring drug abuse patterns and trends; assessing health hazards associated with drug abuse; and providing data for national, State, and local drug abuse policy and program planning. Tables and appendixes
National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health, 6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213, Bethesda, MD 20892-9561, United States
SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20852, United States
United States of America
Drug Abuse Warning Network Series I, Number 6