Crime & Delinquency Volume: 63 Issue: 3 Dated: 2017 Pages: 267-295
This study assessed the effects of exposure to police use of force on inmates' odds of offending in prison, using survey data collected from a national sample of inmates.
The study found, net of relevant controls, prisoners subjected to police violence were more likely to engage in assaultive and other rule- violating behavior, especially those who did not resist police authority. Consistent with the cycle of violence hypothesis, these findings suggest violence perpetrated by legal authorities produces similar effects to exposure to violence in general. Moreover, the consequences of police use of force are especially problematic when the recipient fails to perceive his or her treatment was fair, which supports the theoretical perspective on procedural fairness and legitimacy. Policy implications are discussed. (Publisher abstract modified)
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
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Report (Grant Sponsored)
United States of America