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Brief Motivational Intervention to Reduce HIV Risk and to Increase HIV Testing Among Offenders Under Community Supervision

NCJ Number
Journal of Correctional Health Care Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Dated: July 2009 Pages: 210-221
Sonia A. Alemagno Ph.D.; Richard C. Stephens Ph.D.; Peggy Stephens Ph.D.; Peggy Shaffer-King M.A.; Patrick White M.A.
Date Published
July 2009
12 pages
This study tested the efficacy of a brief negotiation interviewing (BNI) approach that addresses reduction of HIV risk and encourages HIV testing for criminal-justice-involved populations, particularly those released to the community.
Results of this efficacy study showed that the brief negotiation interviewing (BNI) intervention group had a significantly higher rate of HIV testing and was more likely to consider behavioral changes. In recent years, models of brief intervention that incorporate motivational interviewing have emerged based on motivational interviewing models with the potential to hold considerable promise for interventions. BNI might be an approach in effective change. The BNI model involves a detection process that identifies problems and consequences, stresses self-responsibility, and recommends treatment options. In the case of intervention for HIV, a BNI approach would include a short structured interview followed by a brief counseling session. The BNI approach is seen as a step in the process of connecting with the treatment system. This study examined whether BNI could decrease HIV risks and increase testing for HIV in a cohort of criminal-justice involved clients. The trial randomly assigned 212 participants to experimental and control conditions. Interview data were collected at baseline and at 2-month follow-up. Figure, tables, and references


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