Individual articles examine the history of organizational and philosophical changes in policing, the purposes of the rhetoric and terminology associated with community policing, and the problems associated with implementing community policing. Further papers discuss the nature and results of the Community Patrol Officer Program in New York City, evidence regarding the benefits of community-oriented policing for the community, and the philosophy of neighborhood-oriented policing in use in Houston. Additional chapters present findings of an evaluation of the Citizen Oriented Police Enforcement Project in Baltimore County (Md.), review the implementation of community policing in the 43 police forces of England and Wales, and examine the impacts of community policing on police ideology and practice in Canada. Other papers discuss theoretical and evaluation issues and challenge common assumptions regarding the potential effectiveness of this approach. Chapter notes, tables, index, and 249 references.