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Comparison of Victim, Offender, and Event Characteristics of Alcohol- and Non-Alcohol-Related Homicides

NCJ Number
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency Volume: 45 Issue: 3 Dated: August 2008 Pages: 227-255
William Alex Pridemore; Krista Eckhardt
Date Published
August 2008
29 pages
This study examined the contextual characteristics of alcohol- and non-alcohol-related homicides in Russia.
Findings from the study found that alcohol-related homicides were more likely to occur between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m., during the weekend, and to result from acute arguments and were less likely to occur between strangers. The homicides were also found to be profit motivated or premeditated, and carried out in an attempt to hide other crimes. No significant differences between drinking and nondrinking samples were found for victim’s gender, primary weapon used, or event location. The study concludes from this and other studies that homicides in which the victims, offenders or both are under the influence of alcohol at the time of the events differ systematically from homicides in which alcohol is absent. The data used came from a unique set of narratives extracted from homicide court verdicts in the Udmurt Republic of Russia from 1989 to 1991 (101 cases) and in 1998 (124 cases). Tables, figure, notes, and references