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Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Abuse Potential Inventory: Results Based on a Sample of Chinese Mothers in Hong Kong

NCJ Number
Child Abuse & Neglect Volume: 30 Issue: 9 Dated: September 2006 Pages: 1005-1016
Y.C. Chan; Gladys L.T. Lam; P.K.R. Chun; Moon Tong Ernest So
Date Published
September 2006
12 pages
This study determined whether the original six-factor structure of the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory suggested by J.S. Milner (1986) was confirmed with data from a sample of 897 Chinese mothers in Hong Kong.
In terms of error of approximation, expected overall fit, and some other commonly used testing criteria, the six-factor structure of the Abuse Scale of the CAP Inventory fit the data obtained from the Chinese mothers. Discriminant function analysis showed that the CAP Inventory had an overall correct classification rate of 90.4 percent for unweighted scores and 97.1 percent for weighted scores. These findings suggest that the CAP is relevant for the assessment of abuse risk and potential of Chinese mothers. The CAP is a 160-item questionnaire, 77 of which compose the clinical Abuse Scale, which consists of 6 factors: distress, rigidity, unhappiness, problems with child and self, problems with family, and problems with others. The total Abuse Scale Score is used for identifying actual and potential perpetrators of physical child abuse. The 897 Chinese mothers in the current study were selected from 13 child care centers in Hong Kong. The women completed a set of structured questionnaires that included the 77-item Abuse Scale of the CAP Inventory. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to determine whether the data fit the factorial structure of the CAP Inventory. 4 tables and 45 references