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Continuums of Care

NCJ Number
Freedom Network, USA Dated: 2019 Pages: 1-2
Date Published
2 pages

This paper first describes the origin and features of a Continuum of Care (CoC) and the role one can play in supplementing the services provided to victims of human trafficking.


A CoC is designated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to coordinate local homeless services. CoCs use their resources to reduce homelessness and promote long-term housing stability through 1) community-wide planning, 2) the coordination of resources and programs that target those who are homeless, and 3) collect data and measure performance. A CoC may consist of many types of organizations, including nonprofit organizations, faith-based organizations, social services organizations, state and local governments, private businesses, law enforcement, and public housing authorities. The type and number of CoC participating organizations depends on the area covered by the CoC. If anti-trafficking and victim service organizations are not involved in their local CoC, the needs of trafficking survivors may not be met by housing systems. By becoming a member of a CoC, organizations have the opportunity to advocate for trafficking survivors and assist in planning and allocating funds for referrals to anti-trafficking services.  Anti-trafficking organizations and continuums have an opportunity to collaborate and meet the needs of trafficking survivors of trafficking through housing programs and support.