The United Nations Resolution on the death penalty came into effect on July 11, 1991. Japan had opposed abolishing the death penalty for two main reasons: (1) The move was considered premature; and (2) Japanese public opinion was in agreement that the death penalty should remain. After examining the factors that have caused Japan to maintain its opposition, the author concluded that the whole death penalty system is based solely on mere fabrications. However, as long as there are supporters of the death penalty, there is little hope in calling for immediate abolition. Compromises include lifetime imprisonment and stay of execution.