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Do Relaxed Trading Hours for Bars and Clubs Mean More Relaxed Drinking?: A Review of International Research on the Impacts of Changes to Permitted Hours of Drinking

NCJ Number
Crime Prevention and Community Safety Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Dated: July 2009 Pages: 153-170
Tim Stockwell; Tanya Chikritzhs
Date Published
July 2009
18 pages
This study reviewed English-language research conducted since 1965 that has evaluated the public health and safety impacts of changes to liquor-selling hours for on-premise consumption, with attention to 'pubs' and clubs in the United Kingdom, 'hotels' and 'taverns' in Australia and New Zealand, and 'bars' in North America.
The review concludes that the balance of reliable evidence from the international literature indicates that extended late-night liquor-selling hours lead to increased consumption of alcoholic beverages and related adverse consequences. Well-controlled studies are needed to confirm this conclusion, however. There is a particular need for well-controlled studies that link liquor-selling hours to rates of alcohol use and related harms using controls for concurrent economic and other regulatory changes that use validated measures of alcohol-related consumption and harm. Specifically, well-controlled studies that relate liquor-selling hours to level of violence are needed. Of the 49 studies that met inclusion criteria for the review, only 14 included baseline and control measures as well as peer review. Of these 14 studies, 11 reported at least 1 significant outcome that showed adverse effects from increasing hours for serving liquor for on-premise consumption or benefits from reducing liquor-selling hours. Controlled studies with fewer methodological problems were also most likely to report such effects. 1 table and 68 references