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Effects of Physical and Emotional Maternal Hostility on Adolescents' Depression and Reoffending

NCJ Number
Journal of Research on Adolescence Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Dated: 2018 Pages: 427-437
April G. Thomas; Nina Ozbardakci; Adam Fine; Laurence Steinberg; Paul J. Frick; Elizabeth Cauffman
Date Published
11 pages
This study examined whether (1) mothers varied in the way they expressed hostility toward their delinquent adolescent offspring, (2) different types of maternal hostility differentially affected adolescents depression and recidivism, and (3) adolescent depression served as a mechanism through which maternal hostility predicted later reoffending.
The sample consisted of 1,216 male first time offenders, aged 13¨C17 years old (M = 15.80, SD = 1.29). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the premise that maternal hostility could be distinguished into two subtypes: emotional and physical hostility. Adolescent offenders who experienced emotional or physical hostility by their mothers reported greater depressive symptoms and reoffending 6 months later. Further, the relation between maternal hostility (of each type) and adolescent reoffending was partially explained by depressive symptomology. (publisher abstract modified)