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Environmental and Situational Correlates of Victim Injury in Nonfatal Violent Incidents

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 38 Issue: 5 Dated: May 2011 Pages: 433-452
Marie Skubak Tillyer; J. Mitchell Miller; Rob Tillyer
Date Published
May 2011
20 pages
This study examined situational and environmental correlates of victim injury and severity.
Previous research has documented several correlates of criminal victimization, but less is known about the factors related to victim injury during criminal events. Using environmental criminology to understand offender decisionmaking during the criminal event, victim injury is explored with data from the National Incident Based Reporting System. Incident-level logistic and multinomial regression analyses were conducted to estimate the environmental and situational correlates of victim injury risk and severity in nonfatal violent events. Findings indicate that environmental and situational factors influence the likelihood and severity of victim injury, suggesting the utility of an environmental criminological approach for understanding not just the decision to offend but also offender behavior during criminal events. (Published Abstract)