U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Escaping the Family Tradition: A Multi-Generation Study of Occupational Status and Criminal Behaviour

NCJ Number
British Journal of Criminolgoy Volume: 51 Issue: 5 Dated: September 2011 Pages: 856-874
Anke A.T. Ramakers; Catrien Bijleveld; Stijn Ruiter
Date Published
19 pages
This paper examines the effect of parental offending of offspring offending.
This paper investigates the intersection of two types of reproduction over generations: the transmission of offending and of occupational status. According to Farrington's (2002) risk factor mechanism, the effect of parental offending offspring offending should decrease when the intergenerational transmission of occupational status is taken into account. To test this mechanism we use a longitudinal prospective multi-generation research design, containing data from the Netherlands on offending and occupational status during the 20th century. Results show that a substantial part of the intergenerational association in offending is indeed mediated by risk factors such as low occupational status and, especially, low educational attainment. (Published Abstract)