This report from the Australian Institute of Criminology presents information on the experiences of trafficked persons in the southeast region of Asia.
This paper from the Australian Institute of Criminology presents information on the experiences of trafficked persons in Southeast Asia, specifically trafficked persons from Indonesia. Data on trafficked persons in Indonesia is collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and maintained in the Indonesia Counter Trafficking Module (CTM) Database. The information in the database relates to 3,701 Indonesians trafficked between January 2005 and January 2010. Trends identified in the database include the following: the most common ethnicity among trafficked persons was Javanese (35 percent) and the majority of persons were female (90 percent); most persons were between the ages of 18 and 24 (35 percent), and almost one in four were children under the age of 18; and almost 40 percent of persons had only an elementary education. The paper identifies the major factors that contribute to the large degree of trafficking in the region, such as labor exploitation and trafficking, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, criminal activities, and armed conflict. The most common form of trafficking of children was for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The paper discusses in detail the factors, both individual and socio-economic, that make children vulnerable to being trafficked. The IOM Indonesia CTM database also contains information on the trafficking process: recruitment and reasons for leaving, travel and documents, and type of work, salary, and conditions. Tables, figures, and references
Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944, Canberra ACT, 2601 Australia, Australia
Trends & issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 449, May 2013