U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Factors Contributing to Intimate Partner Violence among Men in Kerala, India

NCJ Number
248357
Journal
Journal of Family Violence Volume: 29 Issue: 6 Dated: August 2014 Pages: 643-652
Author(s)
Xiaochun Jin; Ashley Doukas; Magdalen Beiting; Ann Viksman
Date Published
August 2014
Length
10 pages
Annotation
Kerala is one of the most progressive states in India in terms of women's opportunities for higher education and employment.
Abstract
Kerala is one of the most progressive states in India in terms of women's opportunities for higher education and employment. Despite these advancements in gender equality, intimate partner violence (IPV) against women remains high, with some studies finding increased rates of IPV in Kerala relative to other states. This study examines contributing factors to male-to-female IPV in Kerala. One hundred and thirty-four men were surveyed on perceived marital power, early exposure to violence, drinking habits, depression, and marital satisfaction in relation to current IPV. Forty percent of participants reported incidents of IPV in the past year. Batterers scored significantly higher on childhood abuse, drinking, depression, and marital dissatisfaction. These four predictor variables were all significantly correlated with male-to-female IPV, but perceived marital power was only partially correlated with IPV. Abuse in childhood emerged as the strongest predictor of current IPV. Implications and suggestions for further research are discussed. Abstract published by arrangement with Springer.