U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Futures Orientation in Police Decision-Making Practices: The Promise of a Modified Canadian Model

NCJ Number
FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin Volume: 79 Issue: 4 Dated: April 2010 Pages: 14-18
Michael Buerger, Ph.D.; John Jarvis, Ph.D.
Date Published
April 2010
5 pages
This article discusses the use of futures orientation in the decisionmaking practices of police agencies.
Generally speaking, law enforcement agencies uphold a set of laws that are a reaction to a past event. This article examines the use of futures orientation in policing as a way to make an agency more effective in using its resources. The authors note that law enforcement must change its mind-set from that of a group of protectors operating outside of the community to that of a network of community-building agents integrated into the criminal justice system. This article explores an approach used by Canadian police agencies that offers an alternative to the SARA (scanning, analyzing, responding, and assessment) model of policing. The Canadian model is called CAPRA for clients, analysis, partners, response, and assessment. Altering the model slightly to include information (from CAPRA to CIAPRA) provides an approach that lends itself to the use of futures orientation by individual officers. Agencies can then use this point as a basis for developing futures orientation throughout all levels of the agency. 4 endnotes