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Hybridity in the Canadian Craft of Criminology

NCJ Number
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice Volume: 56 Issue: 4 Dated: July 2014 Pages: 399-417
John Braithwaite
Date Published
July 2014
18 pages
This article develops the theme that criminology in Canada is a hybrid of criminological emphases from the United States and Europe as well as Canada's distinctive influence from the cultural values of its Indigenous peoples.
Attention is given to hybrid criminological themes that have emerged from the domains of the state, academic institutions, and the influence of civil society. Geographically, diverse criminological influences and interests are noted for the regions of Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta, as well as British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Labrador. The author notes that an important part of Canadian criminological hybridity can be traced to the distinctive inputs of professionals other than criminologists, including social workers, psychologists, lawyers, and representatives of many other scholarly traditions, as well as elders of Indigenous communities. Still, the hybrid orientations of criminology in Canada are often thwarted by a relatively closed institutional domain of prisons, police, and courts, where persons trapped in the socioeconomic failings of Canadian society are controlled by the state when they do not conform to normative and lawful behaviors. 40 references