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Integrated Programs for Mothers with Substance Abuse Issues and Their Children: A Systematic Review of Studies Reporting on Child Outcomes

NCJ Number
Child Abuse & Neglect Volume: 36 Issue: 4 Dated: April 2012 Pages: 308-322
Alison Niccols; Karen Milligan; Ainsley Smith; Wendy Sword; Lehana Thabane; Joanna Henderson
Date Published
April 2012
15 pages
This study explored the impact and effects of integrated programs on child outcomes through a systematic review of studies published between 1990 and 2011.
The main findings from the literature review were: 1) most studies that incorporated a pre-post design in their research found improvements in child development and emotional and behavioral functioning; comparison group studies indicated higher scores for infants of women in integrated treatment programs compared to those not in a treatment program; and in studies that compared integrated to non-integrated programs, improvements to children's emotional and behavioral functioning were found more often in integrated programs. This study used a systematic literature review of studies published between 1990 and 2011 to explore the impact and effects of integrated programs for women with substance abuse issues on child outcomes and development. Data for the study were obtained through a review of studies where all participants were mothers with substance abuse problems at baseline, and the treatment program included at least one specific substance use treatment and one parenting or child treatment service. The findings from the review indicate that integrated treatment programs are more often associated with improvements in child development, growth, and emotional and behavioral functioning. Study limitations and directions for future research are discussed. Tables and references