This testimony was presented on February 23, 2010, before the U.S. House of Representative's Committee on the Judiciary's Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security on efforts to keep youth safe while in custody and prevent the sexual assault of youth in adult and juvenile facilities. Following opening statements from three members of Congress, including the Chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary, testimony was presented by five witnesses on efforts to deal with the problem of sexual assault of youth in custody. The witnesses were Brenda Smith, Professor of Law at American University; Troy Isaac, President, Hands on Advocacy Group; Bernard Warner, Deputy Secretary, CA Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation; Gabriel Morgan, Sheriff, Newport News, VA; and Grace Bauer of the Campaign for Youth Violence. Information provided by the witnesses discussed the current status of efforts to deal with the problem of sexual assault of youth in custody, that status of research examining the extent of the problem, and local solutions to dealing with the problem. The hearing was held in response to the publication of a report by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics detailing the extent of the problem of sexual assault of youth in custody.