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Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy as Means of Tackling Police Corruption in Nigeria

NCJ Number
International Journal of Police Science and Management Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Dated: Spring 2009 Pages: 97-107
Amos Oyesoji Aremu; Francis Pakes; Les Johnston
Date Published
11 pages
This study investigated the effect of two existential-phenomenological counseling techniques (locus of control and self-efficacy) on the reduction of police corruption-facilitating attitudes in Nigeria.
The results of the study confirm the therapeutic potency of the two techniques in the reducing corruption in the Nigerian police, or at least upon attitudes facilitating corruption. Locus of control and self-efficacy existential-phenomenological counseling could be explored further to test their potency as a factor to be utilized to reduce corruption in the Nigerian police. The inference from the findings is that the two counseling interventions provided emotional insights to the problem of corruption in the police. The results suggest that the existential-phenomenological approach had increased the awareness of the need to reduce corruption. The results further indicate that self-efficacy counseling was more effective than locus of control in the reduction of corruption among the police personnel. Participants exposed to self-efficacy counseling might have found the components of the program to be more directly relevant to institutionalized police culture. Finally, commissioned personnel in the two interventions demonstrated a significant reduction on the measure over non-commissioned police personnel. These findings have implications for police reformation and practice in Nigeria, and have the potential to facilitate knowledge of counseling of a special nature in bringing about positive behavioral change in the police. 7 tables and 44 references