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The Overall and Gendered Effects of Postrelease Supervision on Recidivism

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 46 Issue: 7 Dated: 2019 Pages: 1020-43
Amy D. Miller; Melissa S. Jones; Cyrus Schleifer
Date Published
24 pages

The authors report on their study to examine the effects of post-release supervision on women, specifically, its impacts on recidivism; they describe their research methodology, outcomes, and policy implications.


Although research recognizes gender differences in offending and interactions with the criminal justice system, few studies have explored the role of gender in the relationship between post-release supervision and recidivism. Building on feminist criminological research, this study uses a feminist pathways theoretical framework to investigate the overall and gendered effects of post-release supervision on multiple measures of recidivism. Using a large sample of offenders released from prisons in Florida and propensity score matching techniques, this study uncovers that post-release supervision is associated with a very small reduction in recidivism. Moreover, the effect sizes from the analyses also indicate that post-release supervision plays a greater role in reducing recidivism among men, but the effects for women are much smaller. Based on this study’s findings, policymakers should consider the importance of gender in designing appropriate programming in prison and developing post-release techniques in reducing recidivism. Publisher Abstract Provided