U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Promotive and Risk Factors Related to Deviant Behavior in Japanese Youth

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior: An International Journal Volume: 34 Issue: 11 Dated: November 2007 Pages: 1463-1480
Julie Anne Laser; Tom Luster; Toko Oshio
Date Published
November 2007
18 pages
This study examined protective and risk factors related to deviant behavior among Japanese youth attending postsecondary school in the Sapporo area.
Two variables were predictive of deviance in the full sample and separately for both males and females. These variables included a perceived lack of safety in the neighborhood and viewing sex and violence on television. For females, a history of sexual abuse was found to be related to deviant behavior. For the full sample and the males, the lack of a positive maternal relationship increased deviant behavior. The paternal relationship was not a significant protective factor in this study when considering the amount of contact with fathers. For the entire sample and for the males, parents not being aware of the respondent’s activities were identified as increasing deviant behavior. Lastly, consistent with previous research, for the full sample and the males, the frequency of moving showed an increase in deviant behavior. Despite identified study limitations, the study adds significantly to the literature on deviant behavior, specifically in Japan. The numbers of Japanese youth who acknowledge deviant behavior are high and warrant real concern for the well-being of Japanese youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate protective and risk factors related to deviant behavior among 555 male and female Japanese youth attending postsecondary schools in the Sapporo area, on the northern island of Hokkaido, Japan. Tables, references