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Pulling Levers Focused Deterrence Strategies to Prevent Crime

NCJ Number
Anthony A. Braga; David L. Weisburd
Date Published
August 2012
36 pages
This paper reviews the effectiveness of pulling levers focused deterrence programs.
The pulling levers programs were developed in Boston in the 1990s as a way to halt serious gang violence. To be included in this review, pulling levers focused deterrence programs had to fit within a basic framework that included selecting a particular crime problem to address, putting together an interagency enforcement group to address the problem, conducting research to identify key offenders, developing policies aimed specifically at the key offenders, matching enforcement operations with direct services to affected communities, and communicating directly and repeatedly with targeted offenders to let them know they are under particular scrutiny. Of the programs available for review, 10 were selected and included in this report. These programs are: 1) Operation Ceasefire in Boston, MA; 2) Operation Ceasefire in Los Angeles, CA; 3) Indianapolis (Indiana) Violence Reduction Partnership; 4) Project Safe Neighborhoods in Chicago, IL; 5) Operation Peacekeeper in Stockton, CA; 6) Project Safe Neighborhoods in Lowell, MA; 7) Drug Market Intervention in Nashville, TN; 8) Drug Market Intervention in Rockford, IL; 9) Cincinnati (Ohio) Initiative to Reduce Violence; and 10) Operation CeaseFire in Newark, NJ. Key features of these programs and their policy implications are discussed. Bibliography and appendixes