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Punishing Women, 1880-1905

NCJ Number
Howard Journal of Criminal Justice Volume: 50 Issue: 5 Dated: December 2011 Pages: 505-515
Jo Turner
Date Published
December 2011
11 pages
This article examines the effects that judicial punishment had on female recidivist petty offenders between 1880 and 1905.
Police, prison and court data show that during the late 19th and early 20th centuries Stafford magistrates overwhelmingly imposed small fines or short prison sentences on the women coming before them. The offending trajectories of the repeat female offenders in Stafford show that for most of them such punishments either had little or no deterrent effect. However those women who were perceived to live beyond the safe haven of a family were more likely not only to be sentenced to custody but also to find their custodial sentences becoming successive which, in turn, exacerbated their offending. (Published Abstract)