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Rape and Sexual Assault Among College-age Females, 1995-2013

NCJ Number
248471
Author(s)
Sofi Sinozich; Lynn Langton Ph.D.
Date Published
December 2014
Length
20 pages
Annotation
This Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Special Report compares the characteristics of rape and sexual assault victimization of females aged 18 to 24 who are enrolled and not enrolled in college, and examines the relationship between the victim and offender, the involvement of a weapon, location of the victimization, reporting to police, perceived offender characteristics, and victim demographics.
Abstract

Compares the characteristics of rape and sexual assault victimization against females ages 18 to 24 who are enrolled and not enrolled in college. This report examines the relationship between the victim and offender, the involvement of a weapon, location of the victimization, reporting to police, perceived offender characteristics, and victim demographics. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. The report also discusses methodological differences between the NCVS and other surveys that measure rape and sexual assault victimization and the impact of these difference on rape and sexual assault estimates.

  • The rate of rape and sexual assault was 1.2 times higher for nonstudents (7.6 per 1,000) than for students (6.1 per 1,000).
  • For both college students and nonstudents, the offender was known to the victim in about 80% of rape and sexual assault victimizations.
  • Most (51%) student rape and sexual assault victimizations occurred while the victim was pursuing leisure activities away from home, compared to nonstudents who were engaged in other activities at home (50%) when the victimization occurred.
  • The offender had a weapon in about 1 in 10 rape and sexual assault victimizations against both students and nonstudents.
  • Rape and sexual assault victimizations of students (80%) were more likely than nonstudent victimizations (67%) to go unreported to police.