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Results of a Multifaceted Intimate Partner Violence Training Program for Pediatric Residents

NCJ Number
Child Abuse and Neglect Volume: 34 Issue: 4 Dated: April 2010 Pages: 275-283
Maria D. McColgan; Mario Cruz; Jessica McKee; Sandra H. Dempsey; Martha B. Davis; Patricia Barry; Ana Lisa Yoder; Angelo P. Giardino
Date Published
April 2010
9 pages
This study examined the efficacy of a multifaceted Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) intervention on knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices of pediatric residents.
A multifaceted IPV intervention increased identification of IPV victims and markedly improved attitudes, comfort, and IPV screening practices of pediatric residents; IPV screening rates were sustainable with minimal ongoing training. As a result, 107 cases of IPV were identified over a 1-year period. The success of the intervention stems from its multilayered approach that addressed specific, well-established barriers to IPV screening. These barriers included a general lack of awareness of IPV and its effects on children, the role of the pediatrician in addressing IPV, comfort asking about IPV, lack of an office protocol and support staff, forgetting to screen, and fear of offending the parent. The presence of an onsite IPV counselor was essential to the success of the intervention. Results suggest that consideration should be given to the training and practice supports necessary to encourage IPV screening in the pediatric setting. Educational efforts that familiarize pediatricians with the content surrounding the risk and potential impact of IPV to children and families along with practice supports that make incorporating screening for IPV as easy as possible have the potential to increase the identification of this problem and promote referrals to IPV agencies for follow-up and intervention where needed. Tables and references