Violence directed at law enforcement has remained a critical issue for police, the public, and policing scholars. Recent years have witnessed a growth in lethal violence directed at officers. While several studies have examined noncompliance or resisting arrest, limited individual-level research exists on firearm use during fugitive apprehensions. The authors addressed this limitation by examining all fugitive apprehensions at one Federal law enforcement agency involving shots fired from January 2005 through July 2011. These incidents were compared to a random sample of physical arrests during the same time period where a firearm was not discharged. Drawing on a logistic regression framework, the data highlighted the importance of current and previous warrant types in relation to firearm incidents. Implications and limitations of the model are discussed. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.