U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Simple Technique for Imaging the Human Skeleton Using a Flatbed Scanner

NCJ Number
Journal of Forensic Sciences Volume: 56 Issue: S1 Dated: January 2011 Pages: S154-S157
Sherry C. Fox, Ph.D.; Constantine Eliopoulos, Ph.D.; Ioanna Moutafi, M.Sc.; Sotiris K. Manolis, Ph.D.
Date Published
January 2011
4 pages
A simple technique for imaging the human skeleton with a flatbed scanner is presented using the auricular surface of the ilium as an example.
A flatbed scanner with resolution capabilities of 600 dpi or greater allows for images of human bones. The auricular surface of the ilium was selected to demonstrate this technique as it is a fairly three-dimensional area that can be difficult to record photographically. Fifty left ilia of various ages at death from the Athens Collection were selected from which three observers (SCF, CE, and IM) scored the morphology of the auricular surface using a well-established aging method. Observations were taken of the dry bone, of digital photographs of the bone, and of scanned images of the bone, and in that sequence. Results indicate that scores of scanned images are equivalent or better than digital images of the same ilia. This technique allows for sharing data electronically with ease. (Published Abstract)