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Training of Prison Personnel in Japan: Century-Old and Persistent

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Dated: (March 1991) Pages: 29-39
E H Johnson
Date Published
11 pages
Systematic inservice training of prison personnel in Japan has reduced financial costs of high staff attrition and inadequate performance, cut costs due to excessive staffing levels, minimized inefficiency, improved team spirit and staff coordination, and reduced judgmental mistakes that undermine the health and safety of both staff and inmates.
The evolution of inservice training in Japan has been strongly influenced by social developments and government policies external to the correctional system. The hub of Japan's nationwide training system for prison personnel is the Training Institute for Correctional Personnel (TICP). This institute prepares course materials, offers advanced and specialized courses, and orients new instructors assigned to branch training centers. All entry-level instruction of new prison officers, as well as certain specialist courses, is conducted with the assistance of TICP faculty. TICP plays a key role in the career system of Japan's Correction Bureau by offering courses for middle managers, senior executives, and selected specialists. The Research and Training Institute, a unit of the Ministry of Justice in Tokyo, offers courses for probation personnel, civil affairs officers, and immigration service officers. In general, the integration of training, recruitment, and systematic career development represents a major advantage of the Japanese training system. 19 references and 4 notes