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Transnational Criminal Activities: The Provision of Services in the Dirty Economies

NCJ Number
International Journal of Risk, Security and Crime Prevention Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Dated: April 1998 Pages: 121-129
Vincenzo Ruggiero
Date Published
April 1998
10 pages
This article considers conventional organized crime and transnational business crime within a conceptual framework formed by notions such as exchange, entrepreneurial promotion and mutual provision of services.
These notions are applied to cases in which the official economy benefits from goods and services provided by conventional organized crime, and vice-versa. The article focuses on case studies in trafficking in human beings and the illicit trafficking in arms. While crimes such as transnational fraud and money laundering may successfully be reduced through effective cooperation, information exchange, and general improvement in supervising frontiers, to tackle trafficking in human beings and the illegal trade in arms would require more than mere harmonization in the fields of law enforcement and prosecution. Some thought should be given to the issues of regulation, legal intervention, and penal deterrence. Notes