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Trials and Tribulations of Implementing What Works: Training Rarely Trumps Values

NCJ Number
Federal Probation Volume: 77 Issue: 2 Dated: September 2013 Pages: 36-42
Mario A. Paparozzi; Roger Guy
Date Published
September 2013
7 pages

This article recommends policies and practices of community corrections agencies likely to produce a favorable and committed response to the implementation of evidence-based practices proven by research to reduce recidivism.


Four issues must be addressed if a community corrections agency is to successfully implement evidence-based practices: organizational structures that stunt professional growth and development, the critical importance of leadership, the existence of professionalism, and the removal of politics from personnel selection. Policy recommendations are proposed for addressing these issues. First, specify core competency and credential requirements for hiring staff. Second, hire agency leaders who are properly credentialed and professionally qualified. Third, give increased attention to applicants' individual values when making hiring decisions. Fourth, develop training and staff certification in offender treatment and community collaborations that balance offender rehabilitation and social services with enforcement functions. Fifth, establish management information systems and staff performance evaluations that reflect a commitment to short-term risk management and long-term behavioral reform as primary operational goals. 50 references