R Scherpenzeel, G Quirchmayr
The United Nations (UN) offers assistance to governments to help them adapt their criminal justice systems to the changing information environment.
The establishment of the UN Crime and Justice Information Network (UNCJIN) has helped governments and related agencies with the dissemination of information and has linked interested parties into one community in the field of criminal justice administration. Many successful initiatives at both international and domestic levels have been undertaken to take advantage of newly available information technology and to strengthen the ability of governments to collect, process, and exchange information on crime and justice developments. Strategies and initiatives implemented by governments are heavily influenced by four concerns: (1) increased economic interdependence within a global market economy; (2) demand for increased participation in international activities; (3) increased emphasis on social justice issues; and (4) increased communication, including the exchange of information. Aims of the UN's Interregional Training Course are to improve national-level information management and the sharing of information outside national boundaries and to strengthen international cooperation in the field of criminal justice management. Other key issues associated with providing information to and from developing countries are considered, including information management strategies, UN assistance to member states, and legal and security dimensions of information management. The status of criminal justice computerization in the Republic of Korea is discussed. Additional information is provided in annexes on the UNCJIN and Internet resources in crime prevention and criminal justice. Tables and figures
Republic of Korea
Seoul Republic of Korea, South Korea
P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna Austria, Austria