April is National Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month, a time to renew our commitment to help victims of this violent and vicious crime. The Office of Justice Programs works year-round to expand and improve services available to those who have suffered the deep trauma of a sexual assault.
The figures are staggering. Research from OJP’s Bureau of Justice Statistics’ 2018 National Crime Victimization Survey shows that rape or sexual assault—whether threatened, attempted or completed—represented 37% of that year’s total violent victimizations. These incidents involved nearly 735,000 people in the United States.
OJP provides a range of research, resources and programs to prevent sexual assault, facilitate investigation of these crimes and help victims travel the difficult road to recovery. An important part of the victim’s healing involves efforts to hold attackers accountable in a court of law, for which DNA evidence is critical. Research shows that when a trained nurse examiner conducts the lengthy and thorough victim’s forensic medical examination, the likelihood of the attacker’s prosecution and conviction increases.
Since 2012, OJP’s Office for Victims of Crime has provided $27.1 million in grants through the Using Telemedicine Technology to Enhance Access to Sexual Assault Forensic Exams (SAFE) program. Especially when an assault occurs in a rural or tribal area, victims may lack access to a trained nurse examiner. Working together, OJP’s National Institute of Justice and OVC are working to make them available through telemedicine.
Beginning in 2012, OVC funded the pilot project of the first-of-its-kind National Sexual Assault TeleNursing Center through the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Under the five-year demonstration grant, NTC’s sexual assault nurse examiners provided telenursing consultations to six sites in underserved areas, including two naval hospitals, a health care center for Native Americans and rural hospitals.
Via face-to-face technology, the nurse examiners provided real-time, step-by-step guidance to the onsite clinician conducting the examination. They provided consultation services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and these valuable services continue today.
Through the telemedicine program, OVC funded a second telenursing program in 2016: Penn State’s Sexual Assault Forensic Examination Telehealth, or SAFE-T, Center, a statewide effort that collaborates with four primarily rural hospitals.