Individuals typically designated as mandatory reporters of child abuse, including child sexual abuse/exploitation, have frequent contact with children and may include health care workers, school personnel, child care providers, social workers, law enforcement officers, and mental health professionals.
Information about mandatory reporters in individual states is available on the State Statutes Search section of the Child Welfare Information Gateway website. Also see the State Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Numbers page and our Child Abuse Special Feature for additional information.
Information on child trafficking victims is available in Trafficking in Persons Report, a publication from the U.S. Department of State. The following websites also provide valuable resources about trafficking in children:
- Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of State
- Child Sex Trafficking, National Center Missing and Exploited Children
- Child Labor, Forced Labor & Human Trafficking, U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs
- Human Trafficking Resources, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
- Office on Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
If you are interested in conducting legal research relating to crime victims, visit the VictimLaw website. You may also visit a state, county, or local law library for legal research assistance. Additional research assistance may be obtained through the Ask a Librarian page on the Library of Congress website.
The National Institute of Justice's CrimeSolutions website uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in crime victim services, as well as criminal and juvenile justice. Visit the Victims & Victimization section of the site to view research on program effectiveness reviewed and rated by CrimeSolutions Researchers and Reviewers.
Also visit the Office for Victims of Crime-funded Center for Victim Research. The Center provides access to victim research and data and seeks to improve the utility of research and data collection to crime victim services.
Agencies that receive Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) funds also have complimentary access to the Center's collection subscription-based journal articles. Visit the Center for Victim Research Registration page and then click on “VOCA-Funded Agencies.” Once you are registered as a VOCA-Funded Agency, you will be able to search for both open-access and subscription resources.
Visit the Victims of Crime section of our site for additional publications and resources.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) resource, Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime and Abuse: An Update provides data on this topic. You can also view additional resources from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence Series on the OJJDP website. To learn more about the prevalence and prevention of children being exposed to violent activities, as well as the treatment of those who have already experienced such exposure, see the Children Exposed to Violence Special Feature.
If you are a teen in an abusive relationship or are concerned about someone's safety, please contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-866-331-9474 or 1-866-331-8453 (TTY) by phone, by texting "loveis" to 22522, or via live chat.
To learn more, see the Teen Dating Violence section of the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) site and the Teen Dating Violence Special Feature.