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Firearm Violence, 1993-2011

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 2013
28 pages
Michael Planty, Ph.D.; Jennifer L. Truman, Ph.D.
Publication Series
Publication Type
This report presents data on firearm violence from 1993 through 2011, using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, the Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System on fatal incidents, the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program, the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program Supplementary Homicide Reports, and Surveys of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, as well as other relevant surveys.
Firearms related homicide declined 39 percent, from 18,253 in 1993 to 11,101 in 2011. Nonfatal firearm crime declined 69 percent, from 1.5 million victimizations in 1993 to 467,300 victimizations in 2011. For both fatal and non-fatal firearm victimizations, the majority of the decline occurred during the 10 years from 1993 to 2002. Firearm violence accounted for approximately 70 percent of all homicides and less than 10 percent of non-fatal violent crime from 1993 to 2011. Approximately 70 percent to 80 percent of firearm homicides and 90 percent of non-fatal firearm victimization were committed with a handgun from 1993 to 2011. From 1993 to 2010, males, Blacks and persons ages 18 to 24 had the highest rates of firearm homicide. In 2007-2011, approximately 23 percent of victims of non-fatal firearm crime were injured. Approximately 61 percent of non-fatal firearm violence was reported to the police in 2007-2011. During these same years, less than 1 percent of victims in all non-fatal violent crime reported using a firearm to defend themselves during the incident. In 2004, among State prison inmates who possessed a gun at the time of their offense, less than 2 percent bought their firearms at a flea market or gun show; 40 percent obtained their firearms from an illegal source. 13 tables, 11 figures, and appended supplementary figures
Date Created: May 7, 2013