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AIDS in Correctional Facilities: Issues and Options

NCJ Number
Theodore M. Hammett
Date Published
April 1986
235 pages
This document, which is intended for corrections administrators, provides information and rationales for various policy options in addressing AIDS in the corrections institutional setting.
Part 1, "The Problem of AIDS," summarizes the latest medical information and research on the causes, transmission, and incidence of AIDS. Part 2, "Policy Options for Correctional Administrators," contains chapters on education and training; HTLV-III screening and testing; and medical, legal, and correctional management issues. Issues that affect decisionmaking in the aforementioned policy areas are outlined. These issues are the importance of education and training of institutional staff and inmates; the relative importance of medical and correctional considerations in reaching policy decisions; the extent and nature of the correctional system's responsibilities for preventing the transmission of HTLV-III infection and AIDS; and the uniqueness of AIDS among other communicable diseases. The appendixes contain a resource list; definitions and additional categories of AIDS-related illness; a list of city and county jail systems that are receiving the National Institute of Justice/American Correctional Association questionnaire; training, education, and counseling material; the Centers for Disease Control guidelines for preventing the transmission of HTLV-III infection in the workplace; Maryland's expanded history-taking questionnaire for institutional admissions; and the Wisconsin draft guidelines for preventing transmission